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Japan

Check the vaccines and medicines list and visit your doctor at least a month before your trip to get vaccines or medicines you may need. If you or your doctor need help finding a location that provides certain vaccines or medicines, visit the Find a Clinic page.

Vaccines for diseaseRecommendationsClinical Guidance for Healthcare providers
Routine vaccinesMake sure you are up-to-date on all routine vaccines before every trip. Some of these vaccines includeChickenpox (Varicella)Diphtheria-Tetanus-PertussisFlu (influenza)Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR)PolioShinglesImmunization schedules
COVID-19All eligible travelers should be up to date with their COVID-19 vaccines. Please see Your COVID-19 Vaccination for more information. COVID-19 vaccine
Hepatitis AConsider hepatitis A vaccination for most travelers. It is recommended for travelers who will be doing higher risk activities, such as visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas where a traveler might get infected through food or water. It is recommended for travelers who plan on eating street food.Hepatitis A – CDC Yellow BookDosing info – Hep A
Hepatitis BRecommended for unvaccinated travelers younger than 60 years old traveling to Japan. Unvaccinated travelers 60 years and older may get vaccinated before traveling to Japan.Hepatitis B – CDC Yellow BookDosing info – Hep B
Japanese EncephalitisRecommended for travelers whoAre moving to an area with Japanese encephalitis to liveSpend long periods of time, such as a month or more, in areas with Japanese encephalitisFrequently travel to areas with Japanese encephalitisConsider vaccination for travelersSpending less than a month in areas with Japanese encephalitis but will be doing activities that increase risk of infection, such as visiting rural areas, hiking or camping, or staying in places without air conditioning, screens, or bed netsGoing to areas with Japanese encephalitis who are uncertain of their activities or how long they will be thereNot recommended for travelers planning short-term travel to urban areas or travel to areas with no clear Japanese encephalitis season. Japanese encephalitis – CDC Yellow BookJapanese Encephalitis Vaccine for US Children
MeaslesCases of measles are on the rise worldwide. Travelers are at risk of measles if they have not been fully vaccinated at least two weeks prior to departure, or have not had measles in the past, and travel internationally to areas where measles is spreading.All international travelers should be fully vaccinated against measles with the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, including an early dose for infants 6–11 months, according to CDC’s measles vaccination recommendations for international travel.Measles (Rubeola) – CDC Yellow Book
RabiesJapan is free of dog rabies. However, rabies may still be present in wildlife species, particularly bats. CDC recommends rabies vaccination before travel only for people working directly with wildlife. These people may include veterinarians, animal handlers, field biologists, or laboratory workers working with specimens from mammalian species.Rabies – CDC Yellow Book
Tick-borne EncephalitisAvoid bug bitesLearn more about tick-borne encephalitis at your destination.Tick-borne Encephalitis – CDC Yellow Book