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Eritrea

Vaccines for diseaseRecommendationsClinical Guidance for Healthcare providers
Routine vaccinesMake sure you are up-to-date on all routine vaccines before every trip. Some of these vaccines includeChickenpox (Varicella)Diphtheria-Tetanus-PertussisFlu (influenza)Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR)PolioShinglesImmunization schedules
COVID-19All eligible travelers should be up to date with their COVID-19 vaccines. Please see Your COVID-19 Vaccination for more information. COVID-19 vaccine
Hepatitis ARecommended for unvaccinated travelers one year old or older going to Eritrea.Infants 6 to 11 months old should also be vaccinated against Hepatitis A. The dose does not count toward the routine 2-dose series.Travelers allergic to a vaccine component or who are younger than 6 months should receive a single dose of immune globulin, which provides effective protection for up to 2 months depending on dosage given.Unvaccinated travelers who are over 40 years old, immunocompromised, or have chronic medical conditions planning to depart to a risk area in less than 2 weeks should get the initial dose of vaccine and at the same appointment receive immune globulin.Hepatitis A – CDC Yellow BookDosing info – Hep A
Hepatitis BRecommended for unvaccinated travelers of all ages traveling to Eritrea.Hepatitis B – CDC Yellow BookDosing info – Hep B
MalariaCDC recommends that travelers going to certain areas of Eritrea take prescription medicine to prevent malaria. Depending on the medicine you take, you will need to start taking this medicine multiple days before your trip, as well as during and after your trip. Talk to your doctor about which malaria medication you should take.Find country-specific information about malaria.Malaria – CDC Yellow BookConsiderations when choosing a drug for malaria prophylaxis (CDC Yellow Book)Malaria information for Eritrea.
MeaslesCases of measles are on the rise worldwide. Travelers are at risk of measles if they have not been fully vaccinated at least two weeks prior to departure, or have not had measles in the past, and travel internationally to areas where measles is spreading.All international travelers should be fully vaccinated against measles with the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, including an early dose for infants 6–11 months, according to CDC’s measles vaccination recommendations for international travel.Measles (Rubeola) – CDC Yellow Book
Meningitis (Meningococcal disease)Recommended for travelers 2 months old or older traveling to areas of Eritrea that are part of the meningitis belt during the dry season.Meningococcal disease – CDC Yellow BookMeningitis Belt Map
RabiesRabid dogs are commonly found in Eritrea. If you are bitten or scratched by a dog or other mammal while in Eritrea, there may be limited or no rabies treatment available. Consider rabies vaccination before your trip if your activities mean you will be around dogs or wildlife.Travelers more likely to encounter rabid animals includeCampers, adventure travelers, or cave explorers (spelunkers)Veterinarians, animal handlers, field biologists, or laboratory workers handling animal specimensVisitors to rural areasSince children are more likely to be bitten or scratched by a dog or other animals, consider rabies vaccination for children traveling to Eritrea. Rabies – CDC Yellow Book
TyphoidRecommended for most travelers, especially those staying with friends or relatives or visiting smaller cities or rural areas.Typhoid – CDC Yellow BookDosing info – Typhoid
Yellow FeverRequired for travelers ≥9 months old arriving from countries with risk for YF virus transmission.1Generally not recommended for travel to the regions of: Anseba, Debub (also known as South or Southern Region), Gash Barka, Ma’ekel (also known as Ma’akel or Central Region), or Semenawi K’eyih Bahri (also known as Northern Red Sea Region). Not recommended for travel to any areas not listed above, including the Dahlak Archipelago.Yellow Fever – CDC Yellow Book